miles of coastline
square miles

Long Island Sound is more than 100 miles long and just over 20 miles wide - at its widest point. It holds roughly 18 trillion gallons of water. Its average depth is 63 feet, and reaches depths of 250 feet.

Long Island Sound

Home to many species, the Long Island Sound is a tidal estuary of the Atlantic Ocean. Many of its residents feed, breed, and nest year-round, while others only live in it on a seasonal basis. It experiences two high and two low tides per day. The Captain Islands off Greenwich, Connecticut, along with the Norwalk Islands and Falkner Island off Guilford, Connecticut are part of a glacial recessional moraine. The Watershed of Long Island Sound includes nearly all of Connecticut and western Massachusetts, large swathes of Vermont, New Hampshire and Rhode Island, along with relatively small areas of New York state. Long Island Sound is Connecticut’s largest and most important natural resource. Listed below are regulations relevant to Tambass Charter services and the efforts to conserve and protect the many wonderful species that populate the Long Island Sound. Visit the CT Department of Energy & Environmental Protection for an in-depth look.

Striped Bass, also known as the Atlantic striped bass or striper, spawn in fresh water and spend their adult lives in salt water. You can spot a Striped Bass by its streamlined, silvery body marked with longitudinal dark stripes running from behind the gills to the base of the tail. Striped bass are believed to live for up to 30 years.

Minimum length: 28 inches
Daily Creel Limit: 1 fish per angler
Open Season: Open Year Round

Fluke, also known as Summer Flounder, spawn in the deep ocean waters during the winter months. During the spring months, Fluke move inshore to waters along beaches, inlets, bays, estuaries, canals, and creeks. As a member of the Flounder family, you can spot a Summer Fluke by its eye-like spots on its body. Adults are highly predatory and considered mostly piscivorous. Despite their reputation for being bottom feeders, Fluke will even chase its prey to the surface.

Minimum length: 18 inches
Daily Creel Limit: 5 fish per angler
Open Season: May 17 - September 21

Tautog is the Native American word for the fish we commonly call Blackfish. Spawning occurs offshore in the late spring to early summer. Blackfish inhabit hard substrate habitats in inshore waters. You can spot a Blackfish by its brown and dark olive color, white blotches, and plump, elongated bodies. The backs of their throats contain a set of teeth resembling molars. Coupled with their powerful jaws, these fish crush prey such as mollusks and crustaceans.

Minimum length: 16 inches
Daily Creel Limit: 2 fish per angler
Open Season: April 1 - April 30

Daily Creel Limit: 2 fish per angler
Open Season: July 1 - August 31

Daily Creel Limit: 4 fish per angler
Open Season: October 10 - December 6

Scup, also known as Porgy, grow as large as 18 inches and typically weigh 0.5 - 1 pound, but can weigh as much as 3 - 4 pounds. Scup spawn along the inner continental shelf. They spend their winter along the mid and outer continental shelf and as the temperature rises in the spring, they migrate inshore.

Minimum length: 10 inches
Daily Creel Limit: 30 fish per angler
Open Season: May 1 - December 31

Party / Charter Vessels:

Min Length: 11 inches
Daily Creel Limit: 20 fish per angler
Open Season: November 1 - December 31

Min Length: 11 inches
Daily Creel Limit: 45 fish per angler
Open Season: May 1 - August 31 and November 1 - December 31

Bluefish is a popular game fish, ranging in size from 40 pounds to a smaller, Snapper. Bluefish live in the pelagic zone of the continental shelf, the largest aquatic habitat, which is home to nearly 11% of known fish species. You can spot a Bluefish by its forked tail, grayish blue-green color which fades to white on its lower sides and belly. Spawning habits are not well known, though te Gulf Stream has been known to carry Bluefish fry to the mid-Atlantic and New England regions. Adult Bluefish are strong, aggressive, and fast swimmers. They prey on schools of forage fish. Beware their many teeth and high energy - they're fun to catch and hard to hold.

Minimum length: None
Daily Creel Limit: 10 fish per angler
Open Season: Open Year Round

The Black Sea Bass is a type of grouper. It inhabit inshore and offshore waters up to a depth of over 400 feet. They spend most of their time close to the sea floor and are often found around rocks, reefs, wrecks, jetties, piers, and pilings. The Black Sea Bass spwans from mid-May to the end of June and when fully grown can weigh as much as 9.5 pounds. You can spot a Black Sea Bass by its single spiny dorsal fin, flat-topped head, and large mouth.

Minimum length: 14 inches (excluding tail fin / tendril)
Daily Creel Limit: 3 fish per angler
Open Season: June 1 - August 31

Minimum length: 13 inches (excluding tail fin / tendril)
Daily Creel Limit: 5 fish per angler
Open Season: September 1 - December 31

Party/Charter Vessels - Special Access Program:

Enrollment required. Paying passengers on vessels enrolled in the black sea bass access program may possess 8 fish from June 21 – August 31. The minimum size remains at 13 inches. Vessel operators are required to record daily black sea bass fishing activity in monthly logbooks provided by the Marine Fisheries Division. Logbooks are due no later than 10 days following the reporting month (June-December).

The Weakfish is named for its weak mouth, which often causes a hook to tear free, allowing the fish to escape. It is also known as a Sea Trout, although it is unrelated to the fishes properly called Trout. The Weakfish grows up to 3 feet in length and can weigh as much as 20 pounds. You can spot a Weakfish by its large, slender body. Its head and back are dark brown with a green tinge. The sides have a faint silver hue and the belly is white.

Minimum length: 16 inches
Daily Creel Limit: 1 fish per angler
Open Season: Open Year Round

The Winter Flounder is a right-eyed flatfish that spends its summer offshore in deeper waters, and winters in shallow coastal estuaries. It is native to coastal waters of the western North Atlantic coast, from Labrador, Canada to the State of Georgia, though they are most common in the waters from Newfoundland through Massachusetts Bay. These Flounder do not have teeth, which differs from the Summer Flounder, which does. Winter Flounder can grow up to 25 inches and weigh as much as 8 pounds.

Minimum length: 12 inches
Daily Creel Limit: 2 fish per angler
Open Season: April 1 - December 31
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